Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS is thought to be the most common endocrine disorder in women. This health issue affects 1 in 10 women during their childbearing years (15 to 44). Between 2.2 and 26.7% of the women during these years have been diagnosed with PCOS. PCOS is not usually diagnosed right away, as up to 70% of the patients have revealed to struggle with an undiagnosed case of PCOS.


PCOS causes hormonal imbalances and metabolism issues that affect the way that a woman feels, looks, and behaves. PCOS is thought to be a very common, yet efficiently treatable health issue. PCOS affects the ovaries and the process of ovulation, causing three major issues:

  • Multiple cysts in the ovaries;
  • Increased levels of testosterone;
  • Irregular and even skipped menstrual periods.

The cause for PCOS is unknown, although genetics are considered to have a certain role. Obesity, inflammation, and insulin resistance are also suggested to serve as strong risk factors for this condition.

Common symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Irregular periods;
  • Heavy bleeding during the menstrual period;
  • Increased hair growth, especially on the face, back, abdomen, and chest, as found within up to 70% of the patients;
  • Common acne breakouts;
  • Weight gain;
  • Severe headaches, etc.

If left untreated PCOS can lead to infertility, miscarriage, gestational diabetes, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety, metabolic syndrome, and many other potential complications.

Treatment focuses on the symptoms themselves. Lifestyle changes to induce a healthy weight will be recommended. Birth control may be used as well as a way to restore the body’s healthy hormone levels and help regulate your normal menstrual cycle.


When to see a doctor

If you have concerns about your menstrual periods or experiencing infertility Call Dr. Achira Endocrinology and Weight loss Center at (313) 600-4669 If you notice excess hair in your chin or male-pattern baldness Schedule an appointment.