Parathyroid Gland Problems
The list of parathyroid gland problems includes:
- Parathyroid cancer
Hypercalcemia means higher than normal blood calcium levels. It is usually a case of mild hypercalcemia, and it does not cause any symptoms, nor does it require any treatment. When symptoms do occur, frequent thirst and urination, high blood pressure, and heartburn are the most common symptoms of all. Hypercalcemia is linked with hyperparathyroidism and parathyroid tumor. 10-20% of all cancer cases are reported to deal with hypercalcemia as well. Other causes can be involved, as well. The treatment depends on the cause itself.
Parathyroid Disease Treatment
Hypocalcemia characterizes itself with lower than normal levels of blood calcium. It is a common condition that develops after removal of the parathyroid gland or a severe Vitamin D deficiency. The reported prevalence of transient hypocalcemia is between 6.9 to 49% of the cases. Symptoms include tingling, numbness, muscle twitching, and muscle spasms, etc. Treatment includes the use of calcium and Vitamin D supplementation.
Hyperparathyroidism, or an overactive parathyroid gland, is often caused by a tumorous growth or an enlargement of the parathyroid gland. The most obvious symptom is hypercalcemia. Usually, hyperparathyroidism does not require treatment. However, surgery is always an option, especially for the more severe cases of hyperparathyroidism.
Hypoparathyroidism characterizes itself with a completely diminished secretion of the parathyroid hormone. It develops after removal of the parathyroid glands, and its most specific symptom is hypocalcemia. Vitamin D and calcium supplementation are used to control the symptoms.
Parathyroid cancer occurs rarely, and when they do develop, they often produce parathyroid hormone. Around 360 cases of the parathyroid tumor are diagnosed each year in the United States. Parathyroid cancer can often produce metastases and lead to hypercalcemia, as well as hyperparathyroidism. Whenever possible, surgical removal of the tumor is practiced.